5 Types Of Squirrels In Maryland

Are you curious about the different types of squirrels that call Maryland home? Look no further! Maryland is home to five different species of squirrels, each with their unique characteristics and behaviors.

Keep reading to learn about the other types of squirrels you may encounter in Maryland.

Key Takeaways

  • Maryland is home to a diverse range of squirrel species, including grey squirrels, fox squirrels, red squirrels, southern flying squirrels, and eastern chipmunks.
  • Each species has unique adaptations and preferences, such as the red squirrel’s ability to live in coniferous forests and the southern flying squirrel’s glider adaptation.
  • Squirrels in Maryland are important to the ecosystem as seed dispersers and prey for other animals.
  • Observing Maryland’s squirrels can be a fascinating experience, as they are known for their acrobatics and territorial behaviors.

1. The Grey Squirrel

The Grey Squirrel, commonly found in Maryland, loves to scamper up trees for their favorite snack: acorns. These squirrels are known for their grey fur and bushy tails.

They have a preference for wooded areas and are often found in urban parks and suburban neighborhoods.

Grey squirrels are active during the day and spend most of their time searching for food. They’re known to bury acorns in the ground for later consumption. They’re also territorial and will defend their territory by chasing off other squirrels.

They’re adaptable animals and can thrive in a variety of habitats, including forests, parks, and residential areas. Overall, grey squirrels are an important part of Maryland’s ecosystem and add to the state’s natural beauty.

[Related Post: 7 Types Of Hawks In Maryland]

2. The Fox Squirrel

You might be surprised to learn that the Fox Squirrel is one of the largest squirrels in North America! They can grow up to 27 inches long, weighing in at around 1-2 pounds.

These squirrels are known for their reddish-brown fur with a white belly, and their bushy tails that can be up to 13 inches long.

Fox squirrels are mainly found in wooded areas, but they also adapt well to urban environments. They prefer mature forests with nut and seed-producing trees, such as oak, walnut, and hickory.

These squirrels are diurnal, meaning they are most active during the day. They spend their time foraging for food, which can include nuts, seeds, fruits, and insects. Fox squirrels are also known to bury their food for later consumption.

Overall, the Fox Squirrel is a fascinating and adaptable species with unique behaviors and habitat preferences.

3. The Red Squirrel

Did you know that red squirrels are commonly found in forests throughout North America, and are known for their striking reddish-brown fur and bushy tails?

These small rodents are active during the day and are known for their energetic behavior and their ability to climb trees with ease.

Red squirrels are adapted to living in coniferous forests and are often found in areas with dense tree cover. They build their nests, or dreys, in trees and use a variety of materials, including twigs, leaves, and moss, to construct them.

These nests are used for breeding, resting, and protection from predators.

Red squirrels are also known for their territorial behavior and will fiercely defend their nests and surrounding areas from other squirrels. Overall, red squirrels are fascinating creatures that play an important role in the forest ecosystem.

  • Red squirrels are smaller than gray squirrels, typically weighing between 5-9 ounces.
  • They are known for their loud and distinct calls, which include barks and chatter.
  • Red squirrels are omnivores and have a varied diet that includes nuts, seeds, insects, and fungi.
  • They are known to bury food in the ground for later use.

Red squirrels are an important part of the forest ecosystem and are fascinating creatures to observe. Their unique nesting behaviors and territorial nature make them stand out from other squirrel species.

If you ever have the chance to spot one in the wild, take a moment to appreciate their beauty and adaptability.

4. The Southern Flying Squirrel

Imagine gliding through the forest canopy like a bird, that’s exactly what it feels like to be a Southern flying squirrel.

These squirrels have a unique glider adaptation that allows them to soar through the air for up to 150 feet. They have a flap of skin called a patagium that stretches from their wrists to their ankles, which acts like a parachute when they jump from tree to tree.

Their gliding ability helps them travel long distances in search of food and escape predators.

The Southern flying squirrel is a nocturnal animal that is active at night and sleeps during the day. They have large eyes that are adapted for low light conditions, and a keen sense of smell that helps them locate food in the dark.

They eat a variety of foods including nuts, seeds, and insects.

During the winter months, they rely heavily on cached food and huddle together in groups to conserve body heat. Despite their small size, Southern flying squirrels play an important role in the ecosystem as prey for larger predators and as seed dispersers.

5. The Eastern Chipmunk

As you walk through the forest, you may catch a glimpse of the Eastern chipmunk darting across the trail with its cheeks stuffed full of nuts and seeds.

These small rodents are a common sight in Maryland, and they’re known for their distinctive stripes and furry tails.

Eastern chipmunks are primarily active during the day, and they spend their time foraging for food and storing it in their burrows.

Behavior patterns of Eastern chipmunks include hoarding food in their burrows, which can sometimes be as deep as several feet. They’re also known to be territorial, and they’ll defend their burrows from other chipmunks.

Eastern chipmunks prefer habitat that includes wooded areas with plenty of ground cover, as well as gardens and other areas with easily accessible food.

If you keep an eye out while walking in forested areas of Maryland, you’re sure to spot one of these adorable little creatures scurrying about.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the average lifespan of a squirrel in Maryland?

Squirrels in Maryland have an average lifespan of 2-3 years. Their behavior is influenced by their habitat distribution, as they adapt to different environments. Factors such as food availability and predators can also impact their lifespan.

Are there any diseases that squirrels in Maryland can carry?

Squirrel borne diseases are a concern in Maryland, as they can carry diseases such as Lyme disease and typhus. Prevention measures include avoiding contact with squirrels and their droppings, and ensuring proper disposal of trash.

Brian Koller

Growing up on a farm in eastern PA, I’ve grown fond of wildlife and the woods and learning about the critters and firewood and everything else in-between. I made this site to share my experiences and knowledge.

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